Some Sage Suggestions

Bernard Weiner


The esteemed editors of this series assume that those of an advanced age (me) are also wise (who, me?). That is a questionable assumption. At an earlier time, there was an empirical literature on this topic, in part conducted by Paul Baltes, although I do not know the final conclusions. But if there is an age-wisdom relation, it is correlational and it may not be that increasing age (experience) increases wisdom, but rather that the wise are more likely to survive. The latter explanation is consistent with a biological (Darwinian) viewpoint. If that is the case, then the editors could also invite younger people if they were able to identify (measure) wisdom. Also, it is likely that the age-wisdom relation is not linear but rather curvilinear such that wisdom increases with age, peaks, and then is followed by a lowering along with other cognitive declines due to the aging process. That perhaps describes my current state, hopefully before the decline, so it is unfortunate that the editors did not start this series many years ago and invite me at that time (making the very questionable supposal that I passed their wisdom test).


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Weiner, B. (1985). An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion. Psychological Review, 92, 548-573.

Weiner, B. (1986). An attributional theory of motivation and emotion. New York: NY: Springer.

Weiner, B. (1995). Judgments of responsibility: A foundation for a theory of social conduct. New York: NY: Guilford Press.

Weiner, B. (2006). Social motivation, justice, and the moral emotions. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Press.

Weiner, B. (2018). The legacy of an attribution approach to motivation and emotion: A no-crisis zone. Motivation Science, 4(1), 4-14.


Education Review / Reseñas Educativas

A multi-lingual journal of book reviews

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